Site in English Site in Nederlands Seite auf Deutsch Le site en français Site in Russian
Index pageE-mail usSite map
Krasnov Tourist Agency - Perm, Russia. Opening up the Urals...

Great Ring
of the Urals

Unique tour

Some facts about the towns of Prikamye

Solikamsk the salt capital of Russian Empire

Solikamsk (Kama salt) is the north city of Perm region. The city starts
its history from 1430, when on the river Usolka was organized the settlement which was called Kama Salt. In XVI century on the territory of the future Solikamsk salt was found and the city became the only where salt was extracted it was a real salt-cellar of Russia.

Here different kinds of salt were extracted, processed and prepared to be used in food and industrial purposes. To the large cities of western Russia salt was transported by Kama. Solikamsk became the city of the state importance from 1636 to 1738 it was an official capital of Ural.
Solikamsk has the status of the historical reserved city. It is situated in one row with such famous all over the world cities as Suzdal, Vladimir, Novgorod, Pskov.

Solikamsk will amuse everyone who sees it for the first time. Here you can visibly reflect the breath of the olden days. A unique thing is the central architecture ensemble of the city.
Built in the form of the horseshoe it includes the rarest by its decoration Cross constructing cathedral, a bell tower, Voskresenskaya church, Troitzk cathedral, Bogoyavlenskaya church and Voevoda house.
The leading place in the ensemble has the Troitzk cathedral (1685-1697) the most monumental and picturesque building of the city. Its pyramidal-graduated composition with the beautiful decoration of figure bricks leads in the panorama of the city building. It is also remarkable by the fact that the icon of Nikolaus the miracle-maker, presented by Ivan the Terrible was kept.

Near it there is the 60-meters spire of the cathedrals bell tower, which was built on the ridge of a steep slope in 1713. Probably the most interesting church of the city Bogoyavlenskaya with the side-altar of Vladimir Gods Mother. At the external look attracts the great number of glazed tiles. At the entire look carved wooden iconostasis (a wall, covered with the rare collection of icons) of the Stroganovs painting.

In Solikamsk you can also acquaint with the oldest stone building of the civil architecture of the XVII century in the Urals. This is the Voevoda House. There are loopholes in the walls of two meters thickness. Under the building there is a stone arch of the underground tent and the doors with a huge lock, which helps in the case of a danger, turning the building in the fortress.

The architect guiding line of the eastern part of the city makes the Ioanno-Predtechenskaya church a majestic work of Prikamyes architects of the first quarter of the XVIII century and the building of the Voznesenskiy monastery, founded in 1589.
In Solikamsk you can see the rarest monuments of the wooden architecture industrial buildings of Ust-Borovskoy salt factor. The complex includes brine-lifting towers, salt chests, salt boiling units, salt warehouses, smithies, bath-houses, civil houses.
Different epochs in the development of the salt boiling business, masters and workers factory way of life are exposed in the museum Salts of Prikamye. Not long ago by the initiative of the scientists and museum workers it was recommended to be included in the List of the Worlds Legacy of UNESKO.

Being in Solikamsk you can also go on the excursion to salt mines. Before you get down to the mine you should dress into the costume of the mine worker, put on the safety helmets and equip with a lamp and oxygen balloon. All this equipment is needed according to severe measures of safeness. To avoid accidents you should follow the instructor.
One of the lifts of the mine, accommodating about 30 people will place you and the guide to one of the levels of the mine. From this place a special bus will take you by the labyrinth of the shaft to the place where even now the works of salt extraction are covered.
In the past the work was done with the help of simple hand boring-drilling machine, which made not only great noise and worked not very fast but was very harmful for the health of the miners.

Nowadays modern huge excavators are used which perforate rocks with the help of 30 revolving cogged discs. At the same time alluvial breed, rich in salt, is transported by long belts.

And, moreover modern ventilation always blows the fresh air to the tunnels, as it is very dusty here. But opposite to the other types of mines the dusty air here is even useful for health because it is rich in salts, wholesome influencing the lungs of a man. Sometimes the visits to mines are prescribed to improve the health.

A comment of an inhabitant

"Solikamsk is one of the oldest cities of the Perm region but it is not old. The city is mature, sure in its originality and is full of unvain dignity. It is mostly felt in the historical center of the city where the cathedrals of the 17-18 century adjoin with modern buildings. On the central street a fast rhythm of modern life can be felt, but if you go forward to the old courts, the life slows down and flows slowly and evenly. A walk along the winter Solikamsk on a sunny day will be unforgettable. There are whitened roads, trees, white walls of the cathedrals but everything brightens under the sun: snow and golden domes of the churches are the fairy kingdom dying down in a wonderful dream. There are so few walkers that you can start thinking that the time slows down.

eXTReMe Tracker
© Krasnov Tourist Agency, 2008